Prostatitis is a disease that, according to statistics, affects one in ten men. Pathology is diagnosed mainly at the age of 30-50.
Many men are embarrassed to talk about the symptoms of prostatitis to the doctor, which leads to the transition of the disease into a chronic form, complicates the treatment and turns into problems with reproductive function. It is important to start therapy at the initial stage of the pathological process.
About which drugs for prostatitis in men are most often prescribed and considered the most effective, further.
What is prostatitis?
Prostatitis is a disease characterized by an inflammatory process in the prostate (seminal) gland. The gland performs a number of important functions, one of which is the production of a specific ejaculate secretion that protects and nourishes the sperm. The liquid contains enzymes, proteins, fats, hormones, without which the reproductive system will not be able to perform its work normally.
Another important function of the prostate is to liquefy sperm, making it more mobile and more likely to reach its target.
If an inflammatory process begins in the prostate gland, its work is disrupted. In this case, the man feels the characteristic symptoms.
Causes and signs of inflammation of the prostate
The main source of the development of prostatitis is the penetration of infection and stagnant processes into the tissues of the seminal gland. Bacteria and germs enter the prostate from:
- genitourinary organs;
- chronic remote foci of bloodstream infection (caries, sinusitis, sinusitis, flu, pneumonia, tonsillitis, furunculosis);
- nearby inflamed organs (inflamed rectum), etc.
Factors preceding the development of the disease:
- long abstinence from intercourse;
- wearing clothes that are too tight;
- alcoholism, smoking, drug addiction;
- frequent interruptions of the relationship;
- defective ejaculation;
- irregular sex life;
- frequent constipation;
- conditions that suppress immunity (stress, malnutrition, lack of sleep);
- single or permanent hypothermia;
- the presence of chronic infections (bronchitis, tonsillitis, cholecystitis);
- strong sexual arousal, after which intercourse does not follow;
- postponed urological diseases (cystitis, urethritis);
- transfer of genital infections (gonorrhea, trichomoniasis).
Hyperplasia, or prostate adenoma, with a benign course, can also provoke the development of the disease. Furthermore, perineal trauma is a predisposing factor to the onset of prostatitis. These are often seen in motorcyclists, motorists, cyclists, etc.
It should be noted that bacterial prostatitis is diagnosed 8 times less often than non-infectious prostatitis. The main reason for the latter is stagnation in the gland. This leads to difficulties in blood circulation through small vessels, edema of the prostate tissue, increased oxidation of lipid free radicals. All these processes create conditions for inflammation and severe pain in the perineum and genitals.
During the period of exacerbation of prostatitis in men, there is:
- increased urination;
- urine can come out with blood impurities, pus;
- mental disorders - irritability, lack of sleep, anxiety;
- violation of the process of urination - it can be difficult, painful;
- pain in the scrotum, rectum and penis;
- erectile dysfunction.
With an exacerbation, the body temperature may rise slightly.
Pharmacological groups of drugs for prostatitis
There are the following pharmacological groups of medicines for the treatment of prostatitis:
- Antibacterial drugs for prostatitis. Prescribed to eliminate pathogenic microflora. With the help of the active ingredients that make up the drugs, the pathogens that provoked the infectious process are destroyed. Antibiotics are taken in the acute phase and during the period of remission of the disease.
- Alpha blockers. Doctors prescribe this group of drugs when it is necessary to improve urodynamics, facilitate the outflow of urine in a patient and reduce the likelihood of the consequences of hyperplasia.
- Antispasmodics. Such drugs for the treatment of prostatitis are prescribed for pain to relax the smooth muscle of the prostate, improve blood circulation.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with analgesic effect. Such drugs for the treatment of prostatitis are prescribed for pain, cramps, increased muscle tone of the perineum, problems with urination and inflammation.
- Analgesics. Relieve pain. Prescribed in the form of tablets, rectal suppositories, injections.
- Phyto preparations. The drugs contain only natural herbal ingredients. Prescribed in combination with drugs. Designed to eliminate pain, inflammation, relieve mental stress. They are prescribed both in chronic form and in exacerbation (in combination with other drugs).
- Hormonal medicines for prostatitis. Eliminates the inflammatory process, reduces swelling of the gland, normalizes the urination process.
How to choose a drug
The choice of drugs for prostatitis is necessary depending on the form of the disease. With an exacerbation, antibiotics are prescribed first. The earlier you start taking antibacterial agents, the faster the symptoms disappear and the lower the likelihood of complications and the passage of the disease to the chronic stage.
If the disease is accompanied by pulling pains in the genitourinary system, mental disorders in the form of irritability, anxiety, insomnia, sexual dysfunction. In this case, you should take drugs that improve blood circulation, eliminate pain, inflammation and mental problems. To this end, the following are appointed:
- antibacterial drugs (with frequent exacerbations);
- herbal sedatives.
In any case, only a doctor can prescribe drugs for prostatitis after an examination. Self-treatment can lead to serious consequences, one of which is infertility.