Prostatitis: the types, symptoms and causes of the disease

Prostate gland (prostate) is an important part of the male sex system: it produces a secret, ensuring the locomotor activity and the viability of the sperm. The secret contains enzymes, immunoglobulins, citric acid, vitamins, zinc ions. When the violation of the activities of the prostate male sexual function of the body decreases. The most frequent prostate disease is inflammation of the prostate. Usually assigned to the age of 20 to 50 years. The older the man is, the higher the risk of morbidity. Prostatitis acute or chronic form, it is often difficult to diagnose and can lead to the persistence of the dysfunctional variety of the prostate. The worst consequences of prostatitis – infertility and prostate cancer.

the diagnosis

Around the world chronic prostatitis is sick almost half of the able-bodied men. The issues of treatment of prostatitis, in modern medicine is very active. Prostatitis, in fact, is successfully treated – it is only important to diagnose it as early as possible. Only appear the first signs of prostatitis, you should consult a urologist. In the early stages may be an outpatient treatment, in severe cases, the patient is hospitalized. The course of treatment when the two options is one to two weeks, after which the patient needs to take preventative measures to prevent further inflammation of the prostate. The rate of recurrence of chronic prostatitis – more than 50%

Types of prostatitis

Depending on the cause and clinical forms of the disease there are different types of prostatitis:

Prostatitis acute is difficult, the occurrence of inflammation of the prostate gland, appearing as a result of bacterial infection of tissues. Many bacteria are part of the normal flora of the body and are always present in the intestine and the skin reactive. However, in case of penetration into the tissue of the prostate is usually due to a non-respect of basic hygiene rules, and other reasons, they may cause the development of inflammatory processes. Prostatitis acute is extremely rare. The treatment must be carried out under the conditions of the hospital.

Chronic prostatitis-bacterial - represents a third of all cases of inflammation of the prostate. This form of prostatitis is dangerous, as the symptoms can turn off spontaneously, even without treatment. But this does not mean the healing, after a certain time, it happens to surge, arises each time more painful. If every time to do nothing, there is a risk of development of septic injuries, deposits of stones in the prostate, inflammation of the bladder and other serious complications, up to cancers.

Chronic prostatitis/syndrome of chronic pelvic pain. Difficult commonly diagnosed form of prostatitis, manifests itself in permanent pain in the pelvic area, which last more than three months. On the way can be observed in neurological disorders, and disorders psycho-emotional. The diagnosis is made by exclusion, the analyses may not show the signs of inflammation.

Asymptomatic chronic prostatitis. Asymptomatic and can be identified by the results of the analysis of urine, which indicate a high concentration of white blood cells and bacteria.

Chronic granulomatous prostatitis. Usually, is a side effect drug for the treatment of other diseases or irradiation of the prostate. In the course of this disease, the tissue of the prostate is progressively replaced by connective tissue, iron and ceases to function.

the procedure

The symptoms of the disease

Men suffering from different forms of the prostatitis, can highlight common symptoms. These include: Difficulty passing urine because of the crushing of the bladder channel inflammation of the prostate gland. During urination can be observed from the pain and a burning sensation. The disruption of the mechanism of erection, the weakening of the orgasm. Acceleration of ejaculation. A decrease of the activity. Psychic depression, anxiety. For the patient prostatitis is a very important attitude of healing. The stress advanced weakens the body and complicates the treatment, which leads to even more depression. This vicious circle sick is sometimes difficult to make out, it is therefore sometimes when the prostatitis advanced to prescribe antidepressants.

The causes of prostatitis

The causes of the disease of prostatitis are quite varied, but mainly related to the neglect of men's health: sexually transmitted infections; the violation of blood circulation in the pelvic organs, for example, because of a sedentary lifestyle; sexual abstinence prolonged coitus interruptus or artificial in the wake of the sexual act; violation of the immunity, frequent hypothermia, which is typical for lovers of extreme sports; stress; hormonal imbalance; a deficiency in vitamins and oligo-elements; the non-observance of rules of personal hygiene.


Prostatitis presents men of serious disadvantages: difficulty urinating, a decreased libido, violation of erectile function. If the sick time does not receive the adequate treatment, it may be 40% likely to develop infertility, because the prostate gland may not produce a secret normal, the quantity and the quality required. Self-treatment of prostatitis is unacceptable, because it can lead to a deterioration of the patient's condition and the appearance of concomitant diseases. For example, wrongly attributed to the antibiotic effect will have an impact on the microflora of the intestine and significantly reduce the immunity, this is not to decide problems with the prostate gland. Other drugs are masking just the disease and its symptoms, which aggravates the situation. Therefore, the prostatitis is necessary to diagnose and treat a seasoned professional.



For the measures of prevention of prevention of prostatitis are: the strict observance of personal hygiene; regularly ordained of the sexual life; a healthy physical activity; a diet sufficiently rich in proteins, vitamins and oligo-elements; the improvement of the general immunity; moderation in alcohol consumption and smoking; the timely treatment of all infectious diseases; a decline in the level of daily stress. Due to the large number of varieties of prostatitis, and triggers its development, men must be attentive to their well-being and at least twice a year to consult your urologist. This is especially important after the age of forty.